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The Line of the Promised Seed
Scripture: Genesis 3:15; Genesis 4:25-26; Genesis 5...
Track 9 of in the series
Running time: 45 minutes, 07 seconds.
Many times in scripture we will read where the linage of the seed of woman stood to be broken or stopped. In every case, God stepped in and intervened to make sure the linage continued on. With the birth of Seth, this is the first example of such intervention. From this point on we see two divided lines of human beings; those who follow after the serpent and those who follow after God leading to the ultimate seed of woman, Jesus.


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Mike Nobis Speaker: Mike Nobis
Sunday School Teacher, Former Elder at Madison Park Christian Church. Mike is President of JK Creative Printers & Mailing in Quincy, IL. He is married to Pam and has three children, Tom, Tyler and Jennifer. Mike has three grandchildren: Ryne, Ivy and Alicia.

View all sermons by this speaker.

The Line of the Promised Seed

Last week we looked at the family of Cain and his immediate genealogy. From his line came people who are noted for inventing or promoting crafts like tent making and herding, organized music and metallurgy. As I mentioned last week, by the time of Cain’s death the earth most likely had a population well over 120,000 people. The most notorious person found in Cain’s line is Lamech. He was the 7th generation of Adam and Eve. He did not live a righteous life nor did he follow after God.

Cain killed his brother Able so there isn’t a direct linage back to Adam listed through Able as is the case with Cain. So in the 7th generation, scripture picks up the narrative with the birth of another man child. This person is recorded in the genealogies of Jesus. He is the connection back to Adam and Eve beginning the fulfillment of prophesy stated by God back in Genesis 3:15.

Genesis 3:15 (NIV) And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel."

The seed of woman as mentioned here in this passage will start with Seth.

Genesis 4:25-26 (NIV) Adam lay with his wife again, and she gave birth to a son and named him Seth, saying, "God has granted me another child in place of Abel, since Cain killed him." Seth also had a son, and he named him Enosh. At that time men began to call on the name of the LORD.

I love this statement about Seth and his family, There is a marked difference between the 7th generation which is Cain and the 7th generation of the substitute, Seth. What are the differences? Just to note, the name Seth means “appointed” or “substitute”.

Many times in scripture we will read where the linage of the seed of woman stood to be broken or stopped. In every case, God stepped in and intervened to make sure the linage continued on. With the birth of Seth, this is the first example of such intervention. From this point on we see two divided lines of human beings; those who follow after the serpent and those who follow after God leading to the ultimate seed of woman, Jesus.

The name Enosh means “mortal frailty”. Scholars suggest that Seth was well aware of man’s deep spiritual need. Where Cain’s family was noted for achieving great things as needed by the world, Seth through Enosh realized man was more than a worldly achiever, but a person who needed God more. It is also suggested that by the time of Enosh, man no longer had God’s immediate presence. Prayer to God and public worship is the legacy attached to Enosh.

The Line of the Promised Seed – BUT

Even though the authority of God continued to be recognized among the Sethites, they were members of the fallen race no less than the Cainites.

Genesis 5:1-2 (NIV) This is the written account of Adam's line. When God created man, he made him in the likeness of God. He created them male and female and blessed them. And when they were created, he called them "man." (Adam)

The Hebrew here for the name “MAN” is the name Adam. Later when the name Adam is used especially in the New Testament, Adam is representative of the hole of mankind.
Even though Seth was from the seed of woman, he wasn’t much different than Cain in many respects. Both had the fallen nature of their father.

Romans 5:12-14 (NIV) Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned-- for before the law was given, sin was in the world. But sin is not taken into account when there is no law. Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam, who was a pattern of the one to come.

There are three facts that are emphasized in the genealogy listed in chapter 5:

1. God was preserving and recording the divinely ordained linage of the promised seed
2. God’s command to be fruitful and multiply was being carried out…begat sons and daughters
3. God’s curse was also in effect in spite of the fact each man lived many hundreds of years, each one eventually died.

The fact that man was able to live for very long lives proves that the pre-flood environment had a marvelous nature to it. Many, when they get to chapter 5 quickly read over it or just pass by it all together. The genealogies listed in scripture are very important and are there for a reason. Each name and decedent has a history and there are tremendous insights into what man was like, what God was doing and how God managed the linage of the seed of woman.

There is a lot that can be said from the genealogies. For example; you might not have noticed that in Genesis 5:1 is the first mention of a book or written record in the Old Testament. Do you know where the first time a book or written record is mentioned in the New Testament? Matthew 1:1

Both records first mentioned have to do with the origins of the “Adams” In Genesis 5:1 tells the origin of the first ADAM. Matthew 1:1 tells the origin of the last ADAM.

1 Corinthians 15:45-49 (NIV) So it is written: "The first man Adam became a living being"; the last Adam, a life-giving spirit. The spiritual did not come first, but the natural, and after that the spiritual. The first man was of the dust of the earth, the second man from heaven. As was the earthly man, so are those who are of the earth; and as is the man from heaven, so also are those who are of heaven. And just as we have borne the likeness of the earthly man, so shall we bear the likeness of the man from heaven.

Just to make a point that I made many weeks ago, there is an assumption made here that makes this passage of scripture true. What is it? So it is written…Genesis 2:7. If Genesis 2 is not historical fact, then what happens to the truth found in this passage?

Genesis 5:3-5 (NIV) When Adam had lived 130 years, he had a son in his own likeness, in his own image; and he named him Seth. After Seth was born, Adam lived 800 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Adam lived 930 years, and then he died.

As the genealogy from Adam through to Noah begins, it is important to note that not only does the genealogy detail how long the individual lived but at what age his father was when the person was born. That helps us with some very important information. Chapter 5 gives us a pretty good idea the time span from which man started until the flood came.

Notice the language here as scripture describes the process of producing children. What does verse 5:3 sound like?

Adam’s obituary announcement in verse 5:5 tells the world of the death sentence pronounced upon him in Genesis 3:19. It assures all humanity that the “wages of sin is death” (Romans 6:23). But we also see that before he died, Adam lived a very long time and had other sons and daughters and most likely, many of them. Seth was born when Adam was 130 years old. Most likely Adam and Eve had many children before Seth but it is Seth that is appointed or substituted to replace Able. We will see this happen later in history as well when the next heir is not chosen to be the person to advance God’s plan.

Two things to note, Enoch did not die but was translated, Methuselah died in the very year that the flood came. Again, genealogies are important and according to the writers, are facts to be trusted. If the listing is not an accurate record of the patriarch’s birth and death, then we have problems in the New Testament. If you will notice, Enoch and Lamech did not outlive their fathers. So in reality, only seven men were in the line before Noah who had the responsibility to preserve and proclaim the Word of God. This can be backed up in the New Testament when Peter refers to this list:

2 Peter 2:4-5 (NIV) For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but sent them to hell, putting them into gloomy dungeons to be held for judgment; if he did not spare the ancient world when he brought the flood on its ungodly people, but protected Noah, a preacher of righteousness, and seven others…

Basically what Peter is saying is Noah was the 8th preacher of righteousness in the old world. We also see this list reappear again both in 1 Chronicles 1:1-4 and Luke 3:36-38. There is no question that the ancient world as well as the writers of the New Testament believed that this list is accurate and one that can be trusted.

One small note, Enoch is the man who lives the shortest life of any of the pre-flood patriarchs. He only lives 365 years. He is a very important man because scripture states not only was he righteous, but also a prophet of God. In Hebrews and in Jude we get glimpses of who the man was. Genesis states that, “he was not; for God took him”. The climax of Enoch’s testimony as an event all but unique in history. He was translated and didn’t see death.

Hebrews 11:5 (NIV) By faith Enoch was taken from this life, so that he did not experience death; he could not be found, because God had taken him away. For before he was taken, he was commended as one who pleased God.

Somehow, in actual physical flesh Enoch was supernaturally carried up to heaven where he presumably is still today. Nearly 25 centuries later another man named Elijah, another prophet of God, also was taken into heaven without dying (2 Kings 2:11). Here is what is very fascinating about both men, Enoch prophesied about midway between Adam and Abraham while Elijah prophesied midway between Abraham and Jesus. Both ministered in times of great rebellion against their faith and God. See what Jude said about Enoch:

Jude 1:14-15 (NIV) Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about these men: "See, the Lord is coming with thousands upon thousands of his holy ones to judge everyone, and to convict all the ungodly of all the ungodly acts they have done in the ungodly way, and of all the harsh words ungodly sinners have spoken against him."

Here is what is fascinating about Enoch and his prophesy, he was already preaching about the 2nd coming of Christ well before He came the first time.